Logic: Principles of Reasoning
- Grades 7-11
- Advanced CTY-Level
- History and Social Science
Lawyers, doctors, and mathematicians use logic while building arguments, diagnosing diseases, and proving theorems. This course explores the techniques of logic while developing your analytical reasoning skills and your ability to produce arguments and identify fallacious reasoning. After learning foundational concepts such as validity, soundness, and consistency, you’ll explore the process of evaluating language-based arguments. You and your classmates will identify common fallacies, discern patterns of proper reasoning, and use Venn diagrams to evaluate syllogisms. Moving on to the study of formal logic, the method of analyzing and validating arguments by means of symbolic notation, you’ll use truth tables to evaluate complex arguments and employ natural deduction techniques to prove arguments valid. You’ll analyze editorials, speeches, and philosophical works; construct arguments about enduring questions and contemporary issues; engage in debates; and write proofs. By the end of the course, you will have developed rigorous analytical reasoning and critical thinking skills crucial to academic and professional inquiry. While this is a humanities class, you’ll use symbolic notation and write proofs common in math classes.
Typical Class Size: 16-18
- Understand informal and formal as well as inductive and deductive patterns of reasoning
- Engage in class discussions and debates centered on logical problems and their implications
- Learn how to symbolize English sentences in the language of propositional logic, and use truth tables to determine potential logical properties within a sentence or argument
- Hone your techniques of logic to produce written proofs that showcase your rigorous analytical reasoning and critical thinking skills
- Analyze editorials, speeches, and philosophical works, then construct arguments about enduring questions and contemporary issues
Summer Dates & Locations
Testing and Prerequisites
|Required Level||Not required||Advanced CTY-Level|
Students must achieve qualifying scores on an advanced assessment to be eligible for CTY programs. If you don’t have qualifying scores, you have several different testing options. We’ll help you find the right option for your situation.Sign up for Testing Learn More
Cost and Financial Aid
- Nonrefundable Application Fee - $50 (Waived for financial aid applicants)
- Nonrefundable International Fee - $250 (outside US only)
Financial Aid is available
We are committed to serving all talented youth regardless of financial circumstances. Financial assistance is available based on need.
Please acquire all course materials by the course start date, unless noted as perishable. Items marked as “perishable” should not be acquired until the student needs them in the course. If you have questions about these materials or difficulty locating them, please contact [email protected].
These titles have been featured in past sessions of the course, and may be included this summer. CTY provides students with all texts; no purchase is required.
- Introduction to Logic, Harry J. Gensler
About History and Social Science at CTY
Enhance your critical thinking skills
Expand your ability to reason through difficult problems by taking one of our philosophy or logic classes. Learn how to craft strong and clear arguments in Big Questions, or explore the techniques of logic that lawyers, doctors, and mathematicians utilize to be successful in their fields in Logic: Principles of Reasoning.
Explore social justice in action
Develop knowledge and skills that will help you address issues of systemic inequality throughout the world. Engage in the study of those who worked within and outside of the legal system to effect monumental societal change in Great Cases: American Legal History.