Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
- Grades 5-6
Residential and Commuter
Reasoning, logic, and critical thinking are the building blocks of intellectual inquiry. This course will help develop your skills in these areas through problem-solving and exposure to a wide range of topics in mathematics. You’ll learn the different techniques used in inductive and deductive reasoning and examine the roles each play in the field of mathematics. First you’ll explore algebraic and geometric concepts, patterns, and real-world questions that can be answered using inductive reasoning, creating recursive and explicit formulas to describe patterns. As you move on to deductive reasoning, you’ll learn to use a system of logic to draw conclusions from statements that are accepted as true. Explore fun approaches to this style of reasoning, such as symbolic logic, truth tables, and syllogisms, while learning how to construct valid arguments to reach conclusions.
Typical Class Size: 14-16
- Define and distinguish between inductive, deductive, and abductive reasoning, providing examples of each
- Explore and explain the relationship between number patterns and geometry, using both explicit and recursive formulas
- Translate logic statements and defend premises by using symbolic logic connectives and constructing and interpreting truth tables
- Apply the principles of logic to identify the premises and conclusions of various types of arguments, and defend conclusions or assess the validity of those arguments
- Solve problems using algebraic, geometric, and symbolic representations using manipulatives or models
- Share and articulate ideas and solutions to problems, both written and orally, independently and in groups
Summer Dates & Locations
Testing and Prerequisites
|Required Level||CTY-Level||Not required|
Students must achieve qualifying scores on an advanced assessment to be eligible for CTY programs. If you don’t have qualifying scores, you have several different testing options. We’ll help you find the right option for your situation.Sign up for Testing Learn More
Cost and Financial Aid
- Nonrefundable Application Fee - $50 (Waived for financial aid applicants)
- Nonrefundable International Fee - $250 (outside US only)
Financial Aid is available
We are committed to serving all talented youth regardless of financial circumstances. Financial assistance is available based on need.
About Mathematics at CTY
Explore the study of shapes
Many of our courses allow students to describe the world around them in basic and profound ways. Our younger students learn about shape, scale, and proportion in Geometry and Spatial Sense. Middle School students explore beautiful real-world applications of lines; analyze data based on curves that fit a uniform, symmetric and bell-shaped, or skewed pattern in Data and Chance. And advanced students explore the underlying mathematics and fundamental characteristics of shapes, distance, and continuous deformations in our proof-based Topology course.
Dive deep into logic and reasoning
Our courses in formal logic give you the tools to question the world around you. Inductive and Deductive Reasoning introduces younger students to different types of reasoning, as well as the strengths and weaknesses inherent in various forms of critical analysis. Older students explore how logical reasoning can explain (or fail to explain) counter-intuitive results in Paradoxes and Infinities, or take a more rigorous approach to formal logic in Mathematical Logic.